Returning to our definition of the aether, we can now explain how inertial matter comes into existence, how it implies some fundamental limits to our ability to be precise, and how our notion of time and distances are inextricably linked to all of this.
Electron-positron pair production and the aether
Large energetic photons are not easily controlled by their pilot waves. As a consequence, they have a tendency to smash into things. Instead of meandering through atomic lattices or veering off in reflection, high energy photons move like bullets. If they hit something, they loose energy. If not, they pass through unaffected. This is how x-ray photography works, and why such photography is dangerous to our health when performed too often.
Most collisions end up in a transfer of energy from the high energy photon to whatever barrier it hit. However, in some cases this does not happen. The energy stays with the photon. Energy may even be added to it.
All of this is of no consequence as long as the photon in question continues to move at the speed prescribed by the aether. The photon remains a photon as long as it is able to do this. However, in cases where the photon is unable to fulfil this requirement something very dramatic happens. The photon is stopped dead in its trajectory, and popped into an electron-positron pair.
This transformation has some notable aspects:
- Dramatic slow down in speed
- Non-inertial matter is turned into inertial matter that can move at variable speeds
- Big difference in size between photon and resulting matter
- No known intermediary state (its an either or situation)
Leaving the issue of inertia and what that is for later, we will now proceed to explain the above list in terms of our theory:
First of all, we must keep in mind that the aether is extremely dense. It is impossible for a photon to move at an independent speed due to this fact. Anything that is of the same kind as the aether must move at the speed dictated by the aether. Unable to move at the prescribed speed, a photon has to become something other than a photon.
The only way something can move freely within the constraints of the aether is by letting the aether travel freely trough itself. There is no intermediate state in this. Either the aether moves freely through a thing, or the thing in question moves as prescribed by the aether. It follows from this that inertial matter moves freely because it lets the aether move freely through itself.
This in turn explains the difference in size between photons and inertial matter. Particles of inertial matter are balloon-like nets relative to photons and neutrinos. This means that particle quanta have the ability to expand into relatively huge nets if required. It seems then, that our particle quanta may in fact be little bundles of strings.
Finally, we can explain the dramatic slow down in speed as a consequence of the transformation process. Photons move at a fixed speed due to the surrounding aether, which will hammer against any photon or neutrino that tries to move at an independent speed. This keeps everything going according to the prescribed speed. However, once the aether’s margin of tolerance is breached, what used to spur particles on becomes a wall of resistance. The disobedient particle is bombarded from all sides. It becomes completely locked into position, and it is only on completion of its transition from a compact particle into a pair of net-like balloons that things are again allowed to move.
This explains why photons must pop when stopped by a barrier. They cannot remain in an in-between state. They must either be photons, moving at the speed of light as they pass through the aether, or become electrons and positrons through which the aether can move unhindered.
Minimum sizes and uncertainties
Before we go on to explain the phenomenon of inertia, let us first relate our theoretical framework concerning distances and time to the real world.
The first thing to note is that we, and everything we directly interact with, are made up of inertial matter. This has consequences when it comes to how we measure things, not because of any technological shortcomings, but because of real world limits.
Suppose we want to measure distance. To do this, we will need a ruler. Such a ruler must naturally be made of inertial matter. Otherwise, it would be flying about at the speed of light. The smallest possible bit of stable inertial matter that we can use as a ruler, at least in theory, is therefore the electron. Noting that the electron is a balloon-like net, it does not have a stable cross-section, even if well inflated. The most reliable measure we can use is therefore its circumference.
To measure time as precisely as theoretically possible, we take the electron, and define a tick of our super-precise clock as the time it takes a photon to traverse its circumference. The reason we cannot arbitrarily choose a shorter distance is that our clock must necessarily register the tick. Something physical has to happen to the electron. It has to go from one state to another. For this to happen, energy has to be moved into or out of the electron. Either way, the process involves photons and the entirety of the electron.
We now have our real world unit length and unit time, corresponding to the theoretical unit length and unit time described in the introduction. No distance shorter than 1 unit length can ever be measured with certainty. Similarly, no time shorter than 1 unit time can ever be pinned down. Our unit distance and unit time are:
- 1 unit distance = the circumference of an electron
- 1 unit time = 1 unit distance / speed of light
In our physical existence, there is a limit to how precise we can be. There is therefore an inescapable uncertainty related to everything. Since we have no way of pinning down exactly where and when things happen, we cannot make any predictions with absolute precision.
Furthermore, things that happen faster than 1 unit time, cannot be registered in any way as being anything but instantaneous. No matter how we try to measure such super-fast events, we will end up with missing information about the state of things between each tick of our clock. Such events will appear as being one moment in one state and the other moment in a different state. This does not mean that nothing takes place in the intermediate time. It only means that whatever takes place cannot in any way be properly measured or registered. While it is possible to spot an intermediate state, quite by chance, such states cannot be reliably interpreted. They will be indistinguishable from random noise.
On a final note, we must at all times keep in mind that the unit length and unit time described here are real physical entities, with real physical implications. All forces and energies are implicated by this. When we later in this book investigate phenomena related to time and space, it is important to remember that there is no difference between measured time and physical time. If our unit time speeds up or slows down relative to other clocks in other locations, we’re dealing with different realities, all adhering to the same physical laws, but observably different from one vantage-point to another.