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Electrons as Glue

The proton-electron model of the atom has no neutrons in the nucleus. Instead, there are protons with electrons acting as glue to keep everything together.

Atomic nuclei of hydrogen, deuterium, helium, lithium and beryllium
Atomic nuclei of hydrogen, deuterium, helium, lithium and beryllium

An objection that can be made against this model is that there does not seem to be enough electrons to keep things from falling apart. This is evident from the helium atom depicted above, where four protons are held together by two electrons. It is clear that every electron has to stick to at least two protons for the assembly to stick together. But electrons are very much smaller than protons. Some sort of deformation of the proton and/or electron would be required. Furthermore, an electron has a net charge of -1, which seems to suggest that there is not enough negative charge to keep everything together.

However, none of the above is a problem for physics laid out in my book. Both the electron and proton are inflated bubbles that can be deformed. The electron is composed of two negative quanta together with one positive quantum. It can either stretch out into a string, or split into three parts. Either way, the two negative quanta can move towards the center of the nucleus to act as glue, thus providing the required cohesiveness to the nucleus. The two electrons in the helium nucleus carry a total of four negative charges, making everything stick together nicely.

Electron splitting into its composite particle quanta

From this, it is clear that Moton Spears’ model of the proton and electron fits nicely with the proton-electron model of the atom.

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