# Infinities and Singularities

One of the consequences of a strict particle model of physics is that it requires discrete rather than continuous math to work out formulas at the extremes. Instead of an infinite number of possible wavelengths, we have particles filling a void. Space becomes a set of discrete elements. As a consequence, the electric force, the magnetic force and gravity become limited by a finite number of particles.

## Singularities don’t exist

This means that we cannot end up with infinities when calculating forces related to real objects. We cannot end up with Black Hole singularities of infinite density for the simple reason that there are no infinities we can draw upon in the realm of particle physics.

Nor do we end up with infinite energy at the zero-point level. A strict particle model of physics has space full of particles, not wavelengths. If we add up all the energies of all the particles, we get a finite number, not the infinity that we get when adding up an infinite number of wavelengths.

## Infinities don’t exist

When we have forces communicated by particles, we end up with a sharp drop in force strength at extremely short distances, and we get no force at all when things get so close to each other that no particle can find its way between them.

Hence, protons attract electrons only when they are at a distance from each other. Electrons that are physically resting on top of protons experiences no force. The only attraction at such an intimate distance is due to particle texture. This is a far cry from the infinite attraction that we end up with if we model the electric force as a continuous field.

Instead of infinities and singularities, we get zero. Coulomb’s Law breaks down. The probability of collisions in the aether between two charged objects goes to zero rather than infinity when they get extremely close to each other.

Similarly, gravity will stop behaving in a continuous manner the moment we move towards extreme conditions. With no aether between the particles involved, the gravitational force goes to zero, not infinity. Hence, there are no Black Holes, nor are there any Neutron Stars. These unicorns exist only in the minds of astrophysics.

## Conclusion

A universe made up entirely of discrete units will result in non-linear behavior at the extremes. Instead of infinities and singularities, we get zeros and near zero values.

### This Post Has 0 Comments

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.