Einstein predicts two types of time dilation, both of which have been tested and confirmed. One is…
Time goes a little faster on Mercury than it does on Earth. This is why Mercury makes its rounds around the Sun a little quicker than predicted by Newton.
The aether in the region close to the Sun is richer in photons and poorer in neutrinos than what is the case farther away from the Sun. This is due to gravity, which pulls zero-point photons towards the Sun at the expense of neutrinos.
The size of electrons and protons depend in turn on the abundance of neutrinos in the aether.
With fewer neutrinos close to the Sun than farther away, electrons and protons end up correspondingly smaller in size close to the Sun than farther away.
The smaller size of electrons and protons translates into smaller clocks, and therefore faster time.
Photon crossing an electron on Earth, compared to crossing it on Mercury
It takes a photon more time to cross an electron on Earth than it takes a photon to cross an electron on Mercury. As a consequence, energy distribution takes more time on Earth than on Mercury. All processes are therefore slower on Earth than on Mercury, which by definition means that time itself is slower on Earth than Mercury.
An interesting consequence of this is that energy, which is also related to the size of subatomic particles, must be smaller on Mercury than Earth.
Let us imagine a carefully designed explosive with enough energy to send a 1 kilogram projectile through space at a speed of 1 kilometer per second.
We test this on Earth, and we see that it is spot on. There is never a deviation. It is a perfect explosive.
We take this explosive to Mercury and try it out there. What happens?
Energy is stored as size in subatomic particles. These particles are reduced in size due the difference in composition of the aether. When the explosive fires, there is less energy to draw on.
We may from this expect the projectile to come out slower than was the case on Earth.
However, the size of subatomic particles in the projectile has also become smaller. This means that the projectile has less inertia.
It is only when viewed form Earth that we notice that things have changed. An observer on Earth, looking at the experiment on Mercury, using equipment on Earth for all measurements, will notice that time is faster, distances are shorter, inertia is less and energy is less.
None of this is detectable to the observer on Mercury. Using equipment on Mercury to make measurements, the energy in the explosive has not lost any of its qualities. It will still send the 1 kilogram projectile through space at a speed of 1 kilometer per second.